Liberia

14.January.2009 · Posted in African countries

Full Name Republic of Liberia
Capital Monrovia
Form of Government Republic
Date of Independence 26 July, 1847
Date of Entry into the UN
Total Area 111,369 km2 (103rd)
43,000 sq mi
Total Population (2008 estimate) 3,489,072 (129th)
Time Zone GMT
Currency Liberian Dollar
GDP (nominal, 2007 estimate) $735 million
GDP Per Capita $195
Human Development Index .364
Languages English
Etnic Groups
Religions 40% Christianity, 40% Indigenous, 20% Muslim
Principal Cities
History
Cuisine
Music
Literature

Lesotho

14.January.2009 · Posted in African countries

Full Name Kingdom of Lesotho
Capital Maseru
Form of Government Parliamentary System and
Constitutional Monachy
Date of Independence 4 October, 1966
Date of Entry into the UN
Total Area 30,355 km2 (140th)
11,717 sq mi
Total Population (2005 estimate) 1,795,000 (146th)
Time Zone (UTC+2)
Currency Loti
GDP (nominal, 2007 estimate) $1.598 billion
GDP Per Capita $663
Human Development Index .549
Languages Southern Sotho, English
Etnic Groups
Religions 75% Christianity (estimated)
Principal Cities
History
Cuisine
Music
Literature

Kenya

14.January.2009 · Posted in African countries

Full Name Republic of Kenya
Capital Nairobi
Form of Government Semi-Presidential Republic
Date of Independence 12 December, 1963
Date of Entry into the UN
Total Area 580,367 km2 (47th)
224,080 sq mi
Total Population (2008 estimate) 37,953,840 (36th)
Time Zone EAT (UTC+3)
Currency Kenyan Shilling
GDP (nominal, 2007 estimate) $27.026 billion
GDP Per Capita $779
Human Development Index .521
Languages Swahili, English
Etnic Groups
Religions 78% Christianity, 10% Islam,
10% Indigenous
Principal Cities
History
Cuisine
Music
Literature
TV station

Guinea

14.January.2009 · Posted in African countries

Full Name Republic of Guinea
Capital Conakry
Form of Government Military Junta
Date of Independence 2 October, 1958
Date of Entry into the UN
Total Area 245,857 km2 (78th)
94,926 sq mi
Total Population (2005 estimate) 10,211,437 (83rd)
Time Zone GMT
Currency Guinea Franc
GDP (nominal, 2007 estimate) $4.157 million
GDP Per Capita $417
Human Development Index .456
Languages French
Etnic Groups
Religions 85% Islam, 10% Christianity,
5% Indigenous
Principal Cities
History
Cuisine
Music
Literature
TV station RTG

Guinea-Bissau

14.January.2009 · Posted in African countries

Full Name Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Capital Bissau
Form of Government Semi-Presidential Republic
Date of Independence 10 September, 1974
Date of Entry into the UN
Total Area 36,544 km2 (136th)
13,948 sq mi
Total Population (2005 estimate) 1,586,000 (148th)
Time Zone GMT
Currency West African CFA Franc
GDP (nominal, 2007 estimate) $356 million
GDP Per Capita $213
Human Development Index .374
Languages Portuguese, Crioulo
Etnic Groups
Religions 50% Islam, 40% Indigenous,
10% Christian
Principal Cities
History
Cuisine
Music
Literature

Ghana

14.January.2009 · Posted in African countries

Full Name Ghana
Capital Accra
Form of Government Constitutional Presidential Republic
Date of Independence 6 March, 1957
Date of Entry into the UN
Total Area 238,535 km2 (91st)
92,098 sq mi
Total Population (2007 estimate) 23,000,000 (48th)
Time Zone GMT
Currency Ghanaian Cedi
GDP (nominal, 2007 estimate) $15.160 billion
GDP Per Capita $690
Human Development Index .553
Languages English
Etnic Groups
Religions 69% Christianity, 16% Islam,
15% Indigenous
Principal Cities
History
Cuisine
Music
Literature
TV stations Metro TV, TV Africa, Viasat 1

IMF press releases and documents:

Gambia

14.January.2009 · Posted in African countries

Full Name Republic of the Gambia
Capital Banjul
Form of Government Republic
Date of Independence 24 April, 1970
Date of Entry into the UN
Total Area 10,380 km2 (164th)
4,007 sq mi
Total Population (2007 estimate) 1,700,000 (150th)
Time Zone GMT
Currency Dalasi
GDP (nominal, 2007 estimate) $644 million
GDP Per Capita $405
Human Development Index .502
Languages English
Etnic Groups
Religions 90% Islam, 8% Christianity
Principal Cities
History
Cuisine
Music
Literature

IMF press releases and documents:

IMF concludes visit to The Gambia

Gabon

14.January.2009 · Posted in African countries

Full Name Gabonese Republic
Capital Libreville
Form of Government Republic
Date of Independence 17 August, 1960
Date of Entry into the UN
Total Area 267,745 km2 (76th)
103,347 sq mi
Total Population (2005 estimate) 1,454,867 (150th)
Time Zone WAT (UTC+1)
Currency CFA FRanc
GDP (nominal, 2008 estimate) $14.584 billion
GDP Per Capita $8085
Human Development Index .729
Languages French
Etnic Groups
Religions 55-77% Christianity (estimated)
Principal Cities
History
Cuisine
Music
Literature
TV stations

  • RTG 1
  • RTG 2
  • RTN
  • TV +

Ethiopia

14.January.2009 · Posted in African countries

Full Name Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Capital Addis Ababa
Form of Government Federal Parliamentary Republic
Date of Independence oldest independent country in Africa and
one of the oldest in the world – at least 2,000 years
Date of Entry into the UN
Total Area 1,104,300 km2 (27th)
426,371 sq mi
Total Population (2008 estimate) 85,254,090 (16th)
Time Zone EAT (UTC+3)
Currency Birr
GDP (nominal, 2007 estimate) $108.000 billion
GDP Per Capita $1307
Human Development Index .503
Languages Amharic
Etnic Groups 35% Oromo, 27% Amhara, 10% Somali, 6% Tigray
Religions 61.6% Christianity, 32.8% Islam, 5.6% Traditional Faiths
Principal Cities
History
Cuisine
Music
Literature
TV station ETV
Full Name Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Capital Addis Ababa
Form of Government Federal Parliamentary Republic
Date of Independence oldest independent country in Africa and
one of the oldest in the world – at least 2,000 years
Date of Entry into the UN
Total Area 1,104,300 km2 (27th)
426,371 sq mi
Total Population (2008 estimate) 85,254,090 (16th)
Time Zone EAT (UTC+3)
Currency Birr
GDP (nominal, 2007 estimate) $108.000 billion
GDP Per Capita $1307
Human Development Index .503
Languages Amharic
Etnic Groups 35% Oromo, 27% Amhara, 10% Somali, 6% Tigray
Religions 61.6% Christianity, 32.8% Islam, 5.6% Traditional Faiths
Principal Cities
History
Cuisine
Music
Literature
TV station ETV

Eritrea

14.January.2009 · Posted in African countries

Full Name State of Eritrea
Capital Asmara
Form of Government Transitional Government
Date of Independence November 1941 (from Italy),
24 May 1993 (from Ethiopia)
Date of Entry into the UN
Total Area 117,600 km2 (100th)
45,405 sq mi
Total Population (2005 estimate) 4,401,009 (118th)
Time Zone EAT (UTC+3)
Currency Nakfa
GDP (nominal, 2007 estimate) $5.316 billion
GDP Per Capita $271
Human Development Index .483
Languages Tigrigna, Arabic, English
Etnic Groups
Religions 50% Christianity, 50% Islam
Principal Cities
History
Cuisine
Music
Literature
TV station ERI TV